The history of the names of Eilat is a reflection of the history of the city itself, as it was part of many different nations throughout history.
One of the oldest names that have a possible connection with the city of Eilat is one of Ezion-Geber.
The place of residence is mentioned in the Bible several times, and it is considered one of the crossing points of the Israelites during the Exodus from Egypt.
Archaeological evidence suggests that Ezion-Geber could actually be Tel Khalifa, located near Aqaba.
But other findings support the theory qu'Ezion-Geber was a coral island in the Gulf of Eilat.
In addition, one of the excavations at Tel Khalifa revealed a stamp with the image of a ram, which was probably the symbol of the city of Eilat.
• Eilat - Eilot
The most familiar name appears eight times in the Bible four times as Eilat and Eilot as four times.
Reviews of the origin of the name are divided into two camps: those who think that this original Hebrew name, and those who think that the Canaanite origin.
It may be that Eilat was named in honor of the goddess Asherah Canaanite, one of whose names was Elat.
This theory is based on evidence of the existence of a Phoenician or Canaanite cult in the region of Eilat, and one assumes that the city was named in honor of the main goddess, who was regarded in Phoenicia as the patron and protector of port cities.
The Hebrew name of the source Eilat is associated with the similarity between the word and other words in Hebrew.
For example, Eilat Eilot or may be related to the existence in the region many Ella trees (oaks).
Another source would have a semantic link to the word Eyal (powerful) or Eyalot (powerful forces), and thus means strength and power, which is related to the power of the city that has survived many of Gulf storms.
Moreover, this is how it explains the name of the Red Sea (Yam Suf in Hebrew): the sea of ??many storms (sufot in Hebrew.)
Finally, it could be that the ancient symbol of the city was Ayal (ram) as archaeological research has revealed, so that the city could take its name from this powerful animal.
These two names are perdurés until today, as the city has decided to keep the name of Eilat, and Kibbutz Eilot region is called.
• Umm Al-Rashrash
Closer to our time, before the conquest of Eilat during the War of Independence, Eilat was a Bedouin town called Umm Al Rashrash.
Bedouin names of major places associated with the predominant local vegetation.
Poplar Euphrates is a very common tree in the area, and his name is Rashrash Bedouin, which resulted in the name Umm Al Rashrash.
Finally, at the end of the War of Independence, Umm Al-Rashrash was declared as an Israeli city and given him a name which is known to all children who visit the city Eilat.
A suivre: / To be continued: / Ron Hadad Remix