Gulf of Aqaba - Gulf of Eilat
The Gulf of Aqaba and the Gulf of Eilat Gulf is adjacent to the Red Sea which it is separated by the Straits of Tiran.
The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Gulf of Aqaba as follows:
. South: a line extending from the Ra's al Qasbah (Ras al Fasma 28 ° 01 N 27 34 37 28 E) towards the southwest to the island of Shark (Shark Jazirat 27 ° 58 06 N ° 34 35 '27 E), then through Tiran Island (Jazirat Tiran) to its southwest corner (27 ° 54' 41? N 34 ° 17 E 33)) and from there to the west parallel 27 ° 54'41 "north latitude to the coast of the Sinai Peninsula.
It is located east of the Sinai peninsula and west of the Arabian Peninsula.
Egypt, Israel, Jordan and Saudi Arabia are the riparian States.
It reached a depth of 1850 meters, measuring 24 km at its widest for a total length of 160 km.
The Gulf of Aqaba, as all the coastal waters of the neighboring Red Sea is one of the first sites in the world for scuba diving.
The area is particularly rich in coral and marine biodiversity and contains a number of underwater wrecks, due to some accidental shipwrecks but also ships deliberately sunk to provide habitat for marine organisms and to support the tourism industry.
- The coastal towns
The northern end of the gulf is surrounded by three cities: Taba in Egypt, Eilat in Israel and Aqaba in Jordan.
All three serve both as a strategically important commercial ports as popular vacation destinations for tourists seeking the warm climate of the region.
Further south Haql is the largest Saudi city of the gulf.
On Sinai, Dahab is a major center.
The largest city on the Gulf of Aqaba is Aqaba, with a population of 108,000 inhabitants (2009), followed by Eilat 48 000 (2009).
On the same Gulf of Aqaba are agglomerations of Alaqan Al Bad, Maqna, Ash Shaykh Humayd, which depend on the province of Tabuk but Haql Al Humaysah and which fall within the province of Al Jawf.
Jordan, low energy, is planning the construction of two nuclear power plants in the Gulf of Aqaba, and examines three technical bids (Source: xinhua).
The Gulf of Aqaba is one of two gulfs created by the tip of the Sinai Peninsula on the Red Sea, the Gulf of Suez is located west.
Geologically, the Gulf of Aqaba is an integral part of the Great Rift Valley, which runs from East Africa to the Red Sea and north to the Dead Sea.
A project exists, the Dead Sea canal, which would replenish the water dead sea. One option is that the water would be transported from the Gulf of Aqaba.
Trade across the Red Sea between the ports of the Gulf of Aqaba is documented as early as the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt. Shipments crossing the Red Sea to Punt mentioned during the fifth, sixth, eleventh, twelfth and eighteenth dynasty when Hatshepsut built a fleet to support the trade routes to the south.
It has long practiced the trade in frankincense, myrrh, bitumen, soda, oil, flax and copper amulets for mummification in Karnak.
Egyptian settlements near Timna after the Gulf of Aqaba date from the eighteenth dynasty.
During World War II, the Battle of Aqaba ended five centuries of Ottoman presence and Syria.
A suivre: / To be continued: / Je vous ai construit - Omar Adam