Um-Rash Rash was the site of a British police station between 1940 and 1948.
In 1949, Israeli forces reached the police station and raised an improvised flag of Israel prepared from a shirt and ink thus establishing Israeli control over the Southern.
The soldiers arrived in Um-Rash Rash after traveling through the desert of Beersheba in what was to be the last Israeli military operation of Independence.
A year later, the city of Eilat was established in the area around the police station.
One building survived the period and next to it is a monument that reproduces the moving moment of the grape of the ink flag.
Directions: The site is located directly south of "Mul Hayam" Mall in Eilat.
The area was designated as part of the Jewish state in the United Nations partition plan of 1947.
The Arab village of Umm Al-Rashrash was taken without a fight March 10, 1949, as part of Operation Uvda.
Timna Copper Mines near Timna valley were opened, a port was built, the Eilat Ashkelon Pipeline expected, and tourism began.
Construction of the town and port of Eilat began shortly after the end of the war.
The port has become vital for the development of emerging countries.
After the war of 1948 Arab-Israeli of Arab countries maintained a state of hostility with Israel, blocking all land routes.
Access and Israel's trade with the rest of the world was only air and sea.
Moreover, Egypt refused passage through the Suez Canal to Israeli ships registered or to any ship carrying cargo to or from Israeli ports.
This makes Eilat and its crucial maritime port for communications, commerce and Israel's trade with Africa and Asia, as well as for oil imports.
Without recourse to a port on the Red Sea Israel would have been unable to develop its links, cultural and diplomatic trade in
- Beyond the Mediterranean basin and Europe.
What happened in 1956 and again in 1967 when the closure of the Straits of Tiran Egypt to Israeli shipping effectively blocked the port of Eilat.
In 1956, this led to Israel's participation alongside the Great - Britain and France in the war against Egypt triggered by the Suez crisis, while in 1967 90% of Israel's oil passed through the Straits of Tiran.
Tankers had to pass through the straits were delayed.
The closure of the Strait was quoted by Israel as an additional casus belli leading to the Six Day War burst.
After the peace treaties with Egypt in 1979 and Jordan in 1994, the borders of Eilat with its neighbors were finally opened.
To follow: / To be continued: /
Chant des Partisans